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Pakistanis generate 20.024m tons solid waste annually

Ministry of Science and Technology is planning to initiate power generation through incineration of solid waste, as solid waste generation in Pakistan is about 20.024 million tons a year, which is approximately 59,000 tons per day. Rate of waste generation on average varies from 0.23 kg/capita/day to 0.61 kg/capita/day in rural and urban areas respectively. “Growth rate of solid waste generation is about 2.4% per annum, which will help to overcome the power shortage in the country”, official sources said on Friday.Karachi, with an estimated population of 20 million, generates around 12,000 tons of waste a day. The city has been experiencing an urban sprawl and industrialisation that is leading to the production of enormous amount of waste.

According to sources, implementation on Environment Policy 2005, will be ensured which recommends to phase out sulfur from diesel and furnace oil and provide alternative sources of energy, like piped natural gas, Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG), solar energy and microhydel power stations, to the local inhabitants to reduce the pressure on natural forest, and to substitute fire wood in the upland ecosystems.

Now the Ministry of S & T will work for development of cost effective sewage treatment plants and industry specific biotechnological waste-water treatment processes.

“ We will also develop catalytic converters for retrofitting vehicles for minimizing the emission problems”, an official of MoST told APP.

Besides, plan is to establish cleaner production centers and promote cleaner production techniques and practices to overcome environmental problems, he said.

MoST is also initiating projects to promote the use of ozone friendly technologies and phase out the use of ozone depleting substances in line with the provisions of the Montreal Protocol.

“ Plan is to promote recycling of agricultural products associated with livestock production and use of livestock sector as an outlet for recycling of appropriate urban waste”.

“ We will introduce adequate animal waste management system in peri urban dairy colonies”, official said.

Capital city is generating around 650 tonnes of solid waste that was insufficient for power generation. “However, if solid waste from Rawalpindi city is also available, the proposal may become feasible,” The twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi can jointly materialise a project of power generation from solid waste, to address the issue of power shortage, official said.

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