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Use of waste for energy discussed

A WASTE to Energy presentation has been given by a US-based firm, Ecoair, at Lahore Waste Management Company (LWMC) office.

In a rare instance of its kind, LWMC gathered all possible stakeholders of waste to energy sector for briefing on the project. Ecoair, consultants of LWMC, had earlier visited the under-construction landfill facility, dumping site of the company and refused derived fuel (RDF) plant. The consultants also visited a number of industrial units to look into the possibilities of generation of electricity and heat and its use by the industry. They held discussions with the leading academicians and relevant experts as well.

A presentation was given to various stakeholders, including LWMC Board of Directors, LWMC MD Waseem Ajmal Chaudhry, experts and representatives from Chemical Engineering Department of University of Engineering and Technology, Environment Department, Health Department, The Urban Unit and Coal Department. Moreover, experts from paper industry, textile and hazardous waste management firms also attended the meeting. Franz Paul from Ecoair briefed the participants on various technologies used globally for waste to energy projects. He advocated using a technology which matched the low chalorofic value and high moisture control of waste of Lahore. He said that fluidized incineration technology might be the most suitable one for energy generation from waste keeping in view the characteristics of solid waste in Lahore.

He also proposed installation of waste to energy plants in industrial zones to utilise the heat and electricity in an efficient manner. He elaborated that such a plant of western standards could be installed by bearing a cost of 1 million to 5 million Euro for obtaining electricity from solid waste. He added that from this experience four years were required for a waste to energy plant to be fully functional depending upon various factors. He forecasted a span of four years for energy generation in Pakistan if the proposed model was followed in true spirit of the word.

The US delegation also held a question-answer session to gain feedback and impressions of the participants.

LWMC Managing Director Waseem Ajmal Chaudhary said the objective of the meeting was to provide a platform and opportunity to various public and private stakeholders to share their experiences with each other in local and global perspective. He said that waste to energy plant would not only provide electricity but also efficient processing and treatment of waste.

Generating energy

The government pays a minimum agreed monthly payment to all power producers for the contract period, even if no power is supplied. This means that if the power plant is not operating, the government would still need to pay the energy bill. In 2008 eight thermal power plants and two nuclear power plants were forcefully shut down for maintenance. But the payments to the thermal power companies were at a fixed rate, creating a $100 million energy deficit. Although fuel supplies and payments to the thermal power plants can be increased to produce more energy, the energy produced will be at a very high cost. Therefore the best option would be to install 5000MW coal power plants in locations that are away from the main population.

Pakistan has the potential to generate 55,000MW of electricity through hydel power. But these plants can take 2-6 years for construction, and with dams there is an additional 2-5 years. The good news, though, is that banks and donor organisations love to fund hydro power projects, because this is clean renewable energy.

Engr H Kaleem

Peshawar

CM discusses investment with Korean business team

A DELEGATION of a prominent Korean Company met Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif. Matters regarding investment and cooperation in energy, construction, engineering and other sectors were discussed in the meeting. Head of the delegation Joon Tae Kim gave a briefing regarding trade and business activities of the company. Chairman Planning and Development, Additional Chief Secretary Energy, Secretary Housing, DG LDA and Vice Chairman Punjab Investment Board were also present.

Talking to the delegation, the Chief Minister said Pakistan is facing the problem of energy shortage and government is taking immediate steps to overcome energy crisis. He said that vast opportunities of investment exist in energy and other sectors. He welcomed the offer of cooperation and investment by Korean company in energy, construction and engineering sectors. Shahbaz Sharif said that generation of energy is the foremost priority of the Punjab government and special incentives are being given to the investors in this sector. He said the Punjab government is working on the projects of generating energy from coal, hydle, solar and other sources and agreements have been made with energy companies of Germany, China, Canada and other European countries. The Chief Minister said that quality and rapid completion of energy, infrastructure and other development projects is the policy of the Punjab government. He said the Punjab government and Korean company can launch the joint ventures.

US firm studies energy production from LWMC waste

A THREE-member delegation of the US firm Ecoair visited the Lahore Waste Management Company (LWMC) to study solid waste management and various possibilities of energy production from the waste in Lahore.

Chief Executive Officer Ecoair Mr. Peter Kudsen headed the delegation and was accompanied by WtE experts Mr. Paul Franz Neubacher and Mr. Qayyum Manzar. GM procurement and contracts Col. Tahir Maqbool, senior manager operations Mr. Wasif Azhar and assistant manager Sajid Riaz hosted the delegation.

The delegation was briefed about the current initiatives of LWMC in the Waste to Energy project and future plans. They also paid visit to LWMC’s old dumpsite at Mehmood Booti, new and under-construction sanitary landfill site at Lakhodair, Lahore Compost Plant and DG Cement’s compost plant.

While visiting various installations, the US delegation appreciated the standard and quality of work being done by LWMC and Turkish engineers and termed the sanitary landfill site matched with the one of European standards. The US expert and chemical engineer Paul said that waste dumping without treatment is highly discouraged in developed countries and recycling and reuse of the waste items is a must there.

General Manager Procurement and Contracts Col. Tahir Maqbool was accompanying the delegation on the occasion and termed this visit of the US delegates of great significance. He briefed the US experts of LWMC’s agreements with international firms in order to produce electricity from waste in near future.

Later, the delegates called on MD Lahore Waste Management Company in his office and discussed the possibilities of joint ventures in waste to energy projects.

Solution to energy crisis

ACCORDING to energy rules in Pakistan, the government pays a minimum agreed monthly payment to all power producers for the contract period, even if no power is supplied. This means that if a power plant is not operating, the government would still need to pay the energy bill.

In 2008, eight thermal power plants and two nuclear power plants of Pakistan were shut down.

With reduced supply of electricity, Wapda has fewer units to sell and thus has less income in a year. But the payments to thermal power companies was at a fixed rate, creating an energy deficit worth $100 million.

Although fuel supplies and payments to thermal power plants can be increased to produce more energy, with low efficiency the energy produced will be at a very high cost.

Therefore, the best option is to install 5,000 MW coal power plants in locations that are away from population centres, near the port or other transport facility and close to the national grid.

Pakistan can generate 55,000 MW of electricity, which can even be sold to Afghanistan, India, China and Oman. This is because Pakistan’s northern parts rise like a series of steps, which create opportunities for hydel power.

But these big and small hydropower plants can take two to six years to construct, and with dams there is an additional two to five years for filling them. But the good news is that banks and donor organisations would like to fund hydropower projects because this is clean renewable energy, which does not produce any pollution and has a life of 30 to 50 years.

Also, Pakistan can use hydropower and even wind power projects for self-funded pension schemes, where Pakistani citizens can buy shares in a project which would give them a regular income for 25 years.

Wind power is also a good option, since Sindh and Balochistan have good wind rates and there is an opportunity to generate up to 50,000 MW of energy with wind power from that region alone.

ENGR H. KALEEM

Peshawar

5 bio-power generation plants to be set up in Punjab

The Punjab government has decided to set up five bio mass resource power generation plants including one 20 Megawatt plant in Multan to overcome electricity shortage by exploiting vast green energy potential in the province.

Assistant director agriculture information Multan Naveed Asmat Kahlon told a group of progressive growers here Thursday that 20 Megawatt plants would be set up each in Multan and Faisalabad, 10 Megewatt capacity plants in Kala Shah Kaku and Rahimyar Khan, and a 2 Megawatt plant in Daska. The projects would be undertaken on public-private partnership mechanism and would add 62 MW electricity to the national grid after completion.

Electricity generation by exploiting green energy is comparatively cheaper and environment friendly. Kahlon said, a strategy was also being prepared to ensure availability of crop bio-mass, its supply system, required quantity and machinery required to generate power.

Experts were engaged in devising a bio-mass management system with a view to reduce cost of transportation of bio-mass to desired places. Kahlon said that crop waste processing plants would also be set up to make crop waste usable for electricity generation.

Official said that a Crop Bio Mass Cell has also been set up in Punjab agriculture department to coordinate with the organizations and departments having expertise in generating electricity from green energy. The cell would also assess the quantity of bio-mass that can be collected, and strategy for its proper storage.

Information/data regarding all kind of big and small crops grown in Punjab would be conveyed to the organizations having experience of bio-mass power generation or engaged in research on the subject so as to find opportunities of cooperation or partnership at national and international level to achieve the objective.

According to a recent survey of Punjab agriculture department, around 28 million ton crop waste including husk from wheat, cotton sticks, besides waste from rice and maize can be utilized to generate electricity.

Moreover, research bodies including Agriculture Mechanization Research Institute Multan, Agriculture university Faisalabad and others were engaged in exploring alternate means of energy and to finalize a set of doable recommendations to produce electricity from crop waste. It will help the government and its partners to finalize a flawless strategy to produce green electricity.

The initiative taken by Chief Minister Mian Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif was commendable and growers should extend their full cooperation by preparing a system to collect and keep crop waste for its utilization to generate electricity, Kahlon said.

Pakistan seeks Italian investment

Assuring foreign businessmen that Pakistan is a safe country for investment, Board of Investment (BOI) Chairman Muhammad Zubair has said terrorism and security were indeed the issues afflicting the country, but the government is taking all measures to restore peace.

In this regard, he cited the prime minister’s initiative to bring peace in Karachi to help boost business activities in the financial hub of the country.

He was speaking here on Wednesday at a briefing organised for a high-level Italian business delegation about lucrative investment opportunities in different fields, particularly in the energy sector.

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Pakistan seeks Italian investment

By APP Published: December 4, 2013

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The BOI arranged business-to-business meetings between the visiting Italian delegation and Pakistani investors to help them explore investment and trade avenues in the two countries. DESIGN: CREATIVE COMMON

ISLAMABAD:

Assuring foreign businessmen that Pakistan is a safe country for investment, Board of Investment (BOI) Chairman Muhammad Zubair has said terrorism and security were indeed the issues afflicting the country, but the government is taking all measures to restore peace.

In this regard, he cited the prime minister’s initiative to bring peace in Karachi to help boost business activities in the financial hub of the country.

He was speaking here on Wednesday at a briefing organised for a high-level Italian business delegation about lucrative investment opportunities in different fields, particularly in the energy sector.

The BOI arranged business-to-business meetings between the visiting Italian delegation and Pakistani investors to help them explore investment and trade avenues in the two countries.

Zubair said serious efforts were under way to restore normality in the disturbed areas, but added a large part of the country was peaceful where investors could come and launch projects.

“Pakistan provides one of the best investment opportunities due to flexible investment policies compared to other regional countries, while the energy sector offers even better choices, as the country is in dire need of electricity,” he said.

Stressing that international companies were taking interest in Pakistan, he cited the example of Yamaha, which had recently installed a plant in Karachi to start production of motorcycles. Some other companies have also signed agreements in other areas.

Speaking on the occasion, Italian Ambassador to Pakistan Adriano Chiodi Cianfarnai underlined the need for promoting trade between the two countries, saying there was potential that needed to be exploited.

He believed that B2B meetings would provide an opportunity to the Italian investors to explore investment opportunities, pointing out that several Italian companies were already working in different fields and Italy’s investment portfolio in Pakistan had reached $200 million.

He highlighted Italy’s expertise in technology and said Rome could cooperate with Pakistan in this field.

BOI Director General Akram Khan gave a detailed presentation, highlighting the geographical importance of Pakistan and its flexible investment policy.

He said all sectors of the economy were open for investment where domestic and foreign investors would be treated without any discrimination.

There were huge opportunities for investment in energy, agriculture, IT and telecommunications, textile and other sectors while Special Economic Zones also offered a good choice to investors, he said.

Oil and Gas Development Company Managing Director M Riaz Khan sought Italian investment in the energy field with assurances of support.

OGDC is the largest exploration company in the country that is working to ease the energy crisis.

A representative of the National Highway Authority (NHA) presented details of three projects – Pak-China economic corridor, Lahore-Karachi Motorway and Muzaffarabad-Mirpur Expressway – and asked investors to explore these projects.

He said feasibility studies would be ready by July next year and investors could take up these projects.

Engineering Development Board representative Adil Shah pressed for investment in relocating a steel plant to Kalabagh besides investment in the auto industry.

Pak Power Park Management Company CEO N A Zuberi underlined the huge potential for investment in the energy sector including hydroelectric power, coal and wind energy.

He said this sector was providing lucrative opportunities as the government had made investment policies flexible.

Resolving energy crisis: Minister woos Koreans to invest in power projects

Minister of State for Water and Power Chaudhry Abid Sher Ali said that six sites have been identified where projects such as the 2,200 MW Karachi Coastal Power Project could be set up.

While addressing the Korea-South Asia Power Forum, Ali said the Karachi Coastal Power Project will be completed with the help of foreign investment.

The minister marked the forum as a timely initiative taken by Korea ‘to bring business and investment in the power sector of Pakistan’. In the forum, 24 leading Korean power sector companies participated.

“Korea is Pakistan’s leading hydropower development partner and its companies are taking a deep interest in various projects,” said Ali.

“It is the top priority of our government to ensure safety and security to all our investors and provide other relevant facilities. We are taking various measures in the short and long run to address the energy issues permanently. These measures include construction of small and big dams and exploration of hydel, solar and wind power.”

Meanwhile, Korean Ambassador Dr Song Jong-Hwan added that the country’s companies were working on hydropower projects in Pakistan. “Korean companies K-water, Sambu E&C, KOSEP, Hyundai Engineering and Daewoo E&C are working intensively on hydropower projects that will produce 1,500 MW and will cost an estimated $3 billion,” said the ambassador.

“Korea strongly supports and stands with Pakistan in its efforts of economic revival and resolving the energy crisis.”

Ali stated that Pakistan has been facing an unprecedented energy crisis since the last few years, which has adversely affected its economy and people .Elaborating on the government’s measures, Ali spoke about payments of outstanding dues to power generation companies, establishing special energy parks, new hydropower projects commencement and formulating a new power policy.

Muhammad Zubair, chairman of the Board of Investment, further explained the government’s new investment policy and assured the delegates that their investment will be protected in all aspects and fast track facilities will be offered regarding security, companies’ registration and consular affairs.

The forum was organised as a celebration of the 30th anniversary of the Embassy of Republic of Korea and Korea Trade and Investment Agency.

Chinese firm assures Shahbaz of setting up solar power plants

Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that gas and electricity shortage and energy crisis have badly affected industrialization, saying that top priority of PML-N government is energy, energy and only energy and serious steps are being taken to meet its deficiency. He said that a number of agreements have been made with local and foreign energy companies and investors for investment in energy sector.

The chief minister said that the cooperation with China, Qatar and other countries will be useful for coping with the problem of gas and electricity shortage. He said that work would be started speedily on the projects of generating energy through coal under the agreement between China Western Power Company (CWPC) and the Punjab government.

He was talking to a delegation of CWPC and Qatar Investment, here on Wednesday.

Matters relating to progress on the agreements of cooperation with Chinese company and Punjab government in energy were discussed during the meeting. After coal, Chinese company has also expressed its interest in the investment of solar energy projects. President Chinese Company Wu Wenhao, Chairman Sepco-III Wang Lujun, Chairman Planning & Development, Additional Chief Secretary Energy, Vice Chairman Punjab Investment Board and concerned officials were also present on the occasion.

On the occasion, the CM said that China Western Power Company has made agreement of setting up two coal-based power plants of 660MW each with Punjab government and now this company has expressed its interest in investment in solar energy projects which is a welcome step. The Chief Minister said that after completing the process of tendering, work on the energy projects would be started immediately and rapid completion of these projects would be ensured.

Wu Wenhao said that efforts would be made to complete coal-based power plants of 1320MW in 30 months in Punjab. Chinese experts’ team is present in Pakistan which is working on these projects. He assured to also set up solar power plants in Punjab and make every possible effort to speedily complete energy projects.

Meanwhile, A delegation of prominent Korean Company Samsung C&T has called on Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif. Matters regarding investment and cooperation in energy, construction, engineering and other sectors were discussed in the meeting. Head of the delegation Joon Tae Kim gave a briefing regarding trade and business activities of the company.

The Chief Minister on the occasion welcomed the offer of cooperation and investment by Korean company in energy, construction and engineering sectors. He said that Punjab government and Korean company can launch joint ventures. Shahbaz Sharif said that officials of Punjab government and representatives of Korean Company Samsung C&T should sit together to consider launching of joint ventures and present suggestions for practicable projects.

Abid Sher claims to end power outages till 2017

State Minister for Water and Power Abid Sher Ali on Wednesday claimed to end power loadshedding completely from the country till 2017.

Addressing Korea South Asia forum here, the state minister said that six places were selected for launching nuclear power plant projects. He said that Pakistan was facing worse energy crisis and the government was taking steps for controlling it. Abid Sher said that energy crisis damaged economy of the country due to which miseries and troubles have been increased in life of the people. He said work on short and long term power projects was underway for overcoming energy crisis in the country, adding that the government is starting new projects of special energy park and hydel. He said the government is exploring all possible avenues to resolve the energy crisis under Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s leadership. Abid Sher Ali said that the government was focusing on optimum development of renewable sources of energy particularly hydel, coal, wind, solar and biomass. He said that at least 60,000 megawatts electricity could be generated from hydro power projects in the country.