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USAID, KWSB plan energy efficiency measures

A delegation of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) visited the Karachi Water and Sewerage Board (KWSB) head office on Wednesday, to discuss measures for greater energy efficiency.

The delegation, headed by USAID Energy Efficiency and Capacity Program Deputy Mission Director Leon Waskin and Arif Pervaiz, met with KWSB Managing Director Misbahuddin Farid, Planning deputy managing director, S-III project director, chief engineer and other concerned officials.

Farid lauded the USAID’s efforts to bring the American and Pakistani nations closer and help improve Pakistan.

Highlighting the development projects undertaken by the agency, he said that the American people have always given importance to development in Karachi, citing the upgrade of around 100 motor pumps, completed at cost of approximately Rs 100 million, as a prime example.

“That project, initiated under the USAID Energy Efficiency and Capacity Program, helped increase water supply throughout Karachi, while also booting energy efficiency of our pumping stations,” said Farid.

The KWSB chief briefed the delegation over the unfortunate plight of the Dhabeji Pumping Station, stating that the pump, established in 1959, has always been upgraded in steps. “An immediate Energy Efficiency Audit of the Dhabeji station is vital. Most of the pumps are too old and have outlived their economic life. There is a serious lack of maintenance as well, owing to low budgets and unavailability of parts,” said Farid.

USAID Deputy Mission Director Waskin, acknowledging the difficulties faced by the KWSB and the dire need for an increased maintenance budget, agreed in principle for the conduction of an efficiency audit of the Dhabeji pump.

Praising the KWSB’s working system and the efforts of its employees, Waskin said, “The USAID program is aimed at assisting important institutions, such as the KWSB, in improving their efficiency and quality of services. We are willing to make all possible efforts to ensure that these institutions can better serve Pakistan and its people.”

3.8MW solar energy plant installed at UAF

A 3.8MW solar powered electricity generation plant worth more than Rs800 million has been installed at the Postgraduate Agricultural Research Station of the University of Agriculture here on Tuesday.

At a ceremony held here to inaugurate the plant that will start generation after about six months, UAF Vice Chancellor Dr Iqrar Ahmed said electricity to be produced from the foreign-funded project would cost Rs3.17 per unit on an average for the next 12 years.

He said the varsity would have solar greenhouses on 21 acres where five major off-season crops would be grown.

In his address on the occasion, Austria’s former defence minister Herbert Scheibner said his country would help Pakistan in overcoming its power crisis through alternative energy.

He stressed the need for enhancing collaborations between the two countries in various fields, including education, energy and agriculture.He said people in Austria preferred solar energy and many companies involved in manufacturing and installation of the related equipment were operating there successfully

Chinese, UK experts discuss waste-to-energy options

A delegation of Chinese and British experts visited offices of the Lahore Waste Management Company on Wednesday.

The objective of the visit was to discuss, share and explore the possibilities of mutual cooperation in the field of waste management with specific emphasis on the waste to energy options in the context of Lahore and Punjab, said a spokesperson.

The Chinese team was led by Prof Wu Chuangzhi of Gaungzhou Institute of Energy Conversion while the British delegation was headed by Neil Voughan Johns of Reality Renewables Ltd, the UK.

The Chinese delegation shared their experience of waste management at home and explained how they started managing waste from open dumping to sanitary landfill and other thermal and biological treatment methods of waste. They also enlightened how waste was being managed in China by using different treatment options like incineration, composting, anaerobic digestion etc.

Led by Managing Director Waseem Ajmal Chaudhry, the LWMC team shared with the visitors the waste to energy strategy of the company.

LWMC General-Manager (Operations) Khalid Majeed explained to the visitors the waste management in Lahore and the integrated solid waste management framework of the company. They were informed that the LWMC strengthened its waste collection and transportation system through international contracts and was now concentrating on scientific waste disposal methods.

The delegation members were informed that 1,500 to 2,000 tons of waste would be available for waste to energy project in Lahore for which LWMC has also advertised Expressions of Interests (EOIs) in national and international newspapers.

The Chinese expert explained that in their country waste was being incinerated for production of energy and rest of the waste was being composted or sent to landfill.

It was agreed to continue exchange of thoughts and in order to establish permanent cooperation in the field of waste management and waste to energy, both LWMC and Guangzhou Institute of Energy Conversion would contact their respective government for a formal agreement. The delegation from UK also paid visit to Mahmood Booti and Lakhodair sites.

Working Group for energy and power department formed

The governmnet of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa has established Working group for Energy and Power Department h to implement agenda of the provincial government in Energy and Power sector.

Sikandar Hayat Khan Sherpao, Senior Minister Energy and Power Deptt would be the the Chairman, Syed Khalid Hussain Gillani, Secretary Energy and Power Deptt would be the Secretary Member while Bahadur Shah MD PHYDO, Raziuddin, Ex-MD OGDCL, Sohail Wajahat Siddique, Ex Minister Oil and Gas, Canadian Govt, Azam Farooq, Member Board of OGDCL, Zarak Khan, Financial Expert, Syed Ishtaiq Hussain Shah (Ex-MD PHYDO), Latif Khan, (Chief Engineer PESCO Peshawar), Usman Haider (CEO, Cross-bay, Lahore), HD Bangash, Hydel Sector expert, Hamayatullah Khan (Special Secretary to President), Mohsin Aziz, Dr. Yousaf Sarwar, President Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Chamber of Commerce, Usman Khattak, Chief Operating Officer Safe Energy, Shahbaz Khan, Director MOL Peshawar, Shahid Hamid, Vice Chairman AVT Media Group of Companies, Haji Ghufran, Ex-Senator, Sultan Muhammad MPA PK-18 Charsadda, Raza Khan, Jamaluddin, Economic Advisor, Hamayun Saifullah Khan, Ex-MNA and Khalid Aziz Ex Chief Secretary are members of the Working Group.

The TORs of the Working Group are as under: to guide provincial government about its role after 18th Amendment in Energy and Power Sector, to suggest steps to attract investors for development of hydro and hydrocarbon sectors of the province, to suggest steps required for fast track development of Hydel Development Action Plan 2010-21, to suggest steps for overcoming hurdles faced during development of the hydel projects on sites, to suggest restructuring of Energy and Power Deptt to meet the future challenges, to suggest and guide the provincial government towards transmission and distribution as well as demand side management of electricity, to suggest the way forward for taking back of idle potential hydel sites already leased to private investors, to suggest ways forward for implementation of hydel projects on PPP mode, to devise a detailed strategy for exploring alternate sources of energy, to suggest the way forward for starting KP-OGCL functional and its role in up-stream activities, to suggest role of KP-OGCL in existing Oil and Gas blocks, to suggest steps towards utilization of surplus gas in the province for power generation or urea fertilizer, to suggest steps towards fast track establishment of oil refinery, to suggest steps towards establishment of provincial office of inspection of OGRA, to suggest the modalities regarding sale of available power from provincial own hydel stations to industrial estates located in the province, to guide the provincial government for revision of hydel power policy 2006 in the light of 18th Amendment, to discuss ways for effective liaise with Federal Government for minimum loadshedding in both electricity as well as gas sector, to devise guidelines for framing energy conservation policy and building codes, to devise strategy and suggest ways and means to assist the task force to launch drive against gas pilferage in industries and domestic users, working group may constitute sub-group for various activities.

Sub-group will forward their recommendations to working group within week time, says a notification issued by the Energy and Power Department Government of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa here on Tuesday.

CDWP approves Rs103 bn projects

The Central Development Working Party (CDWP) on Monday approved 13 projects costing around Rs103 billion including Rs8.2 billion foreign aid relating to the energy sector.

Minister for Planning and Development Prof. Ahsan Iqbal chaired the CEWP meeting.The CDWP is authorised to approve projects costing up to Rs1.0 billion. Projects costing over Rs1 billion are to be approved by Ecnec. Eight projects costing Rs101 billion, each costing over Rs1.0 billion, were recommended by the CDWP to Ecnec for consideration/approval, says a press release.

The CDWP approved the PC-II to conduct feasibility study for Gaddani Power Project costing Rs100 million. The cost of the feasibility study will be provided from the PSDP.For the construction of Energy Park to produce 6,600 MW electricity at Gaddani. A Company Pakistan Power Park Management Ltd. fully owned by Govt. of Pakistan has been established to arrange finances through Special Purpose Vehicle to finance projects at Gaddani.

Three hydropower projects sponsored by the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government namely Sharmai (150 MW) Hydropower Project costing Rs33 billion, Engineering Procurement and Construction (EPC) of Shogo-Sin HPP District Chitral costing Rs27 billion and Engineering Procurement and Construction (EPC) of Shushgai HPP District Chitral costing Rs29 billion were recommended by the CDWP for approval of the Ecnec.

A total of 425 MW electricity would be produced. These projects would be financed on public-private partnership mode – 10% of the cost would be borne by the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government from its resources whereas 90 percent of the cost would be arranged by the private sector.

Under the Punjab’s Renewable Energy Development Sector Investment Programme, the revised PC-Is of construction of five hydel power stations (Run of River Hydropower Projects) each at Chianwali, Pakpattan, Deg-out, Marala and Okara together costing Rs12 billion having total capacity of over 24 MW were considered and recommended by the CDWP for the Ecnec approval. The 80 percent cost of these projects would be met from the ADB loan.

Two projects of Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission — Detailed Exploration of Uranium Resources in Bannu Basin and Kohat Plateau, Phase-II, (ii) Detailed Exploration of Uranium Resources in Dera Ghazi Khan – Phase-VIII costing Rs634 million and Rs726 million, respectively were approved by the CDWP today.

A revised PC-I of Pakistan Nuclear Regulatory Authority titled Establishment of National Dosimetry and Protection Level Calibration Laboratory (NDCL) was approved by CDWP. In addition to the above, the following concept clearance of proposals was also considered by CDWP:

Conversion of FO/Gas fired boilers to coal of 450 MW Units 1&2 Thermal Power Station, Jamshoro Conversion of FO / Gas fired boilers to Coal of 1350 MW Units 1-6 Thermal Power Station, Muzaffargarh.

Installation of new coal-fired power plants having capacity of 2×660 MW at Jamshoro Implementation of Dassu Hydropower Project KASA 1000 Power Project.The committee decided after extensive discussions that construction of water reservoirs is very important for the future of the country. The committee therefore noted that Diamer Bhasha Dam takes precedence over all other projects in the water sector. Due to financial crunch, the committee concluded that the government should first build Diamer Bhasha Dam water reservoir that would not only make available water for irrigation purpose, but also make additional water available during off season for Tarbella and other projects for generation of electricity when the water availability for hydel power generation reduces.

To overcome financial crunch, the CDWP decided that the private sector should be encouraged to finance infrastructure projects.The minister said the government’s priority was to make the country self-sufficient in cheap and affordable energy. He further stated that water and energy are backbone of the government’s policy. He stated that if a proactive approach was not adopted for building water reservoirs, the country may face a bigger problem in 10 years than what is being faced for energy today.Ahsan advised the participants that PC-I should be prepared with due diligence in consultation with all stakeholders to avoid frequent changes in PC-I at the implementation stage.

Energy crisis: US trains Pakistani engineers in load-management

The United Stated Agency for International Development (USAID) Power Distribution Program organised a two-day workshop on ‘Developing Proposals for the Outage Reduction Devices (ORD) Program’, for planning engineers of Pakistan’s seven government-owned power distribution companies (DISCOs).

The focus of the workshop was on the different aspects of developing proposals for the proper utilisation of the ORDs through the application of planning tools provided to all nine DISCOs, said a press release issued here on Monday.

The reliability of the electric distribution system is critically important for both utilities and customers. Due to the lack of sectionalising devices in distribution systems, consumers not in the vicinity of the area of the fault are also affected during outages.

USAID is providing DISCOs with quality outage reduction devices. On-load and off-load gang operated and disconnect switches have been procured and will be installed so that faulted line sections can be isolated to reduce the outage time for unaffected consumers and improve customer service.

Seven sub-divisions from seven DISCOs have been selected for distribution system area planning and installation of the ORDs. Planning engineers have been trained to use the power system analysis software SynerGEE for system planning and analysis.

They will run load flow studies of the selected distribution system and will generate proposals for the installation of new devices to improve system reliability and efficiency.

The analysis and location selections will be completed by the end of September 2013. It is anticipated that the DISCOs will accomplish the installation by year end 2013.

The five-year USAID Power Distribution Program was announced by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in 2009 as one of the United States’ efforts to support the government of Pakistan in reforming the power sector to mitigate the current energy crisis. The programme is helping DISCOs improve their commercial performance and customer services.

Responsible power generation: Cellular industry’s shift towards green energy

The global telecom industry has grown at an unprecedented rate over the past few years. As per a study conducted by GSMA Intelligence in 2012, there are 5.9 billion active mobile phone connections in the world. Pakistan has been at the fore-front of this growth with tele-density of about 70% and over 125 million active SIMs.

This growth has been supported through a robust telecom backbone comprising scores of towers. The surge in demand for telecom services has increased the sector’s energy requirements, making it one of the largest consumers of diesel and consequently, one of the biggest contributors to carbon emissions in the world, and also in Pakistan where frequent power failures as well as the lack of grid electricity in many rural areas has made it necessary to rely on generators.

With the rise of tele-density in rural areas this consumption of diesel is likely to increase.

However diesel is costly and has severe environmental consequences. Therefore, the telecom industry has started deploying green solutions to power its network operations.

State of telecom economy in Pakistan

The telecom sector is a million-dollar industry and one of the best performing sectors in Pakistan which saw a boom and massive investment in the early 2000s. In 2007 the sector grew by 80 percent while average growth rate in last four years has been more than 100 percent.

It has been a major contributor in the economic growth and GDP of Pakistan. Mobile telecommunication is the largest tax collecting and paying sector. The total contribution of the telecom sector to the national exchequer for financial year 2011-12 was Rs133 billion. Telecom operators are also making a significant contribution towards the overall economy by making 24% contribution ($4.9 billion) in the total Foreign Direct Investment made in the country by FY 2012 and a total of around 1.4 million direct and indirect jobs created by the Telecom Industry.

Frequent power outage is one of the major crises in Pakistan which has caused great financial and operational losses to businesses. The situation is no different for the telecom sector. The only solution is to generate electricity through alternative sources in order to run base stations uninterruptedly.

The initial way was to deploy generators but their maintenance and fuel cost is a huge challenge besides being noisy and detrimental to the environment. It was therefore decided to deploy batteries along with generators that can be charged when electricity is available and provide backup when it isn’t. The generators kick in only when the batteries lose their charge and are unable to provide backup to the base stations. Apart from saving costs, this initiative also reduces CO2 emission.

Leading towards green energy transition

While a the entire telecom industry is focusing on this shift, the Telenor Group has adopted an ambitious target for reducing its internal carbon intensity of its operations by 40% by 2016, compared to the 2007 intensity level. The agreed emissions reductions will be achieved through investments in network updates, renewable energy etc. Telenor Pakistan already has 48 BTS sites running on Solar-Genset hybrid solutions.

Telenor Pakistan’s green solutions are not limited to BTS towers only. The company has also launched the Green Field Call Centre recently which houses cutting-edge technology, sophisticated security standards in accordance with international standards and working conditions. The state of the air conditioning (HVAC) technology enables 25% less operational costs and sustainable materials like special double plaster walls and Taxila Stone also reduce operational and maintenance costs.

Chief Technology Officer, Telenor Pakistan, Gyorgy Koller said “Telenor Pakistan intends to work closely with the government and all relevant stakeholders to develop the Green Energy Transition Roadmap for Pakistan that is realistic, sustainable and mutually beneficial to both the telecom industry and local communities where we operate.”

Koller did say that this transition would not be without its challenges, “However, transformation towards sustainable energy involves certain challenges in terms of implementation and investment like high capital expenditure investments in green energy drive coupled with rising network operating expense due to deteriorating energy crisis and constraints due to low ARPU market with squeezing margins.”

He also said that the transformation was not something that could be done over the short-term, but would need sustained effort, “The transformation from conventional power sources to green energy is a long-term endeavour and cannot be immediate. The process involves a gradual building of a cost effective eco-system which can consolidate and sustain green energy in the long term.”

In the short-term the industry will employ hybrid solutions to reduce costs, decrease reliability on grid electricity and protect the environment.

This only be achieved through multi-industry cooperation (energy solution manufacturing, petrochemicals, utility, transportation etc) under the patronage of the government.

Energy conservation: Chinese firm installing 100 solar-powered lights

A Chinese company is to install 100 solar-powered streetlights on Wahdat Road and Allama Iqbal Town’s Main Boulevard over the next 10 days, The Express Tribune has learnt.

The Punjab government and Chinese government signed a memorandum of understanding for the installation of the solar-powered LED lights and the work is being done for free, officials said.

Workers began installing the streetlights in Iqbal Town six days ago and several have been set up. Eighty lights are to be installed in Iqbal Town and 20 on Wahdat Road.

The Public-Private Partnership (PPP) Steering Committee of the Punjab government had already been considering a project to convert all the city’s streetlights to LED bulbs (not powered by solar energy), said District Officer (Street Lighting) Abdul Qayyum Niazi.

He said that the Planning and Development Department and National Engineering Services of Pakistan (Nespak) would study the project and look at the viability of converting other streetlights in the city in a project executed in PPP mode.

He said that the Chinese company was “hopefully” installing 60-volt LED lights. The streetlights currently in use require 250V.

Asked about the cost per streetlight, Traffic Engineering and Transport Planning (Tepa) Chief Engineer Saeed Akhtar said that he could not say because the Chinese company was installing them for free and had not revealed the cost. He said that this project would not gain the company any favour when and if the government should decide to invite bids for the conversion of streetlights in the rest of the city.

The contract would be awarded strictly on merit and in accordance with procurement rules, he said.

The National Highway Authority has previously installed solar lights at a number of places, as has the Gujranwala district government.

The Lahore city traffic police and Tepa had earlier this year been seeking investors to convert several traffic signals here to run on solar power, but only two have been installed, at Faisal Chowk and at Garden Town.

Akhtar said that they would look for more investors, but no further conversions were currently in process.

The PPP Steering Committee had in March decided to invite bids for the installation of LED streetlights all over Lahore, since the old sodium lights consume 120 per cent more energy than LEDs. K&N International Islamabad, a private company, placed an unsolicited bid to the city government to replace the streetlights.

Bids will be invited through official channels, said an official. Should a company placing a solicited bid match the offer from K&N International, the former’s bid would be accepted, he said. The government would pay the successful bidder over the next 10 years from the money it saves in electricity consumption, he added.

Family parks to get solar energy system

District Municipal Corporation (DMC) East Karachi has set strategy to save energy under which a decision has been taken to convert all family parks of District East into solar energy system.

In the first phase, LED lights would be installed at all family parks of the district and two family parks each of zones would be connected to solar energy system. This was informed by Municipal Commissioner Baldia East Kamal Mustafa while briefing MQM MPA Nishat Mohammad Zia Qadri during latter’s visit to Nasir Hussain Shaheed and Quaid Family Parks in Shah Faisal Colony.

Nishat Mohammad Zia Qadri hailed Baldia East’s energy saving scheme. He said that solar energy system would facilitate visitors. He said that proper fumigation of family parks should be conducted in order to provide clean and green environment to the visitors.

Incentives to be provided to investors in energy sector: CM

Punjab Chief Minister Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif has said that solution of energy crisis is essential for the stability of the economy, promotion of economic activities and acceleration of industrialization. He said that no effort will be spared for riding the people of load-shedding. He said that all out facilities will be provided to foreign investors for investment in energy projects. He said that industrialists of China and other countries are interested in power projects in Pakistan including Punjab. He said that Punjab government will ensure rapid progress towards energy projects and alternative sources of power generation are also being explored.

He was presiding over a high level meeting regarding pace of progress of energy projects in Islamabad today. The Chief Minister said that energy is essential for national development and rapid progress will have to be made in this sector. He said that alternative sources for production of electricity are being explored and work is in progress expeditiously on power generation projects. He said that several local and foreign companies are ready to set up power generation projects and planning is being made for offering special incentives for production of electricity from alternative sources.

Issuing instructions for accelerating work on Quaid-e-Azam Solar Power Project in Cholistan, the Chief Minister said that provision of quality facilities should be ensured in solar park. He directed that work should immediately be started for infrastructure development in Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park.

The Chief Minister said that Punjab government would set up solar energy projects of 700 megawatt in Punjab from its own resources and land has been allocated for this purpose in Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park. He said that in order to complete power generation projects on war footing, process of consultation with all stakeholders have been started as solution to problem of shortage of electricity is a collective national responsibility. The Chief Minister further said that Muslim League-N government is determined to resolve energy crisis and rid the people of load-shedding. He said that Punjab government is extending all out measures for initiating power projects under public private partnership and all out facilities will be offered to investors in this regard.