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Provinces take the reins in dealing with energy scarcity

Since all the provinces have established departments of power and energy, the Annual Plan 2012/13 has made them responsible to manage investment for up to 50MW power projects as ground-making to attain the energy security.

As for projects above 50MW, the provinces would be the main drivers and catalysts for marketing and coordinating projects with the Private Power and Infrastructure Board (PPIB).

The Planning Division’s Annual Plan has proposed several programmes and projects to be undertaken by the provincial governments during 2012/13, which would partly be funded by the provincial governments, federal government and foreign assistance.

The government of Punjab would undertake several activities and projects worth Rs11.643 billion that would be funded by the Punjab government, federal government and the Asian Development Fund (ADF).

The projects include 120MW Taunsa hydel power project, five ADB-funded small hydel power projects, five community-based micro hydel projects, community-based biogas power plant, 2.5MW pilot solar PV project and study for 300MW coal project in Muzaffargarh.

Punjab would also setup one Rs4 billion power generation fund and Rs2 billion power generation guarantee fund.

The Power Department of Sindh is made responsible for perspective planning, policy formulation, processing of power projects and enactment of legislation regarding thermal and hydropower generation and distribution and matters relating to development, generation, supply and distribution of hydro and thermal power.

The department is in the process of developing Sindh Power Policy 2012. The conservation strategies being undertaken by the department include setting up of provincial ENERCON cell, installation of solar geysers in various medical colleges and hostels in Sindh and a study on solar tube-wells.

The Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa (KPK) government would execute activities and projects worth Rs15.647 billion to be funded by the provincial government and hydro development fund.

The projects to be undertaken during 2012/13 included the ADB-assisted development of renewable energy, feasibility studies of hydel power projects and construction of small hydel power projects.

The Energy Department has recently been created by the government of Balochistan, the department along with attached wings will include, power, alternative energy and oil and gas wings.

Special focus will be on hiring and capacity-building of the technical human resources.

At present, installed grid capacity of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) is 426.30MVA. Around 23,440km transmission lines have been extended to 1,629 villages out of a total of 1,654 villages and around 3.2 million consumers have been provided with electricity connections.

The per capita electricity consumption is 315kWh and within the next three years 100 percent population of AJK is planned to be provided with the electricity connections.

The government lays great emphasis on generating electricity in order to meet the growing domestic, as well as industrial requirements.

It has been planned to launch a robust programme for constructing hydropower generation stations to exploit the tremendous potential of AJK by involving both public and private sectors.

According to the annual plan to overcome energy shortage in the country, potentials of AJK requires additional funding to ensure optimal harnessing the hydel potential for the national consumption from AJK. Hydel power projects of 17.5MW are expected to be added during 2012/13, it added.

The Water and Power Department has been created by the government of Gilgit-Baltistan.

Hydropower projects of 30MW at Shagarthang and Thak Chilas in Skardu are underway, whereas 65MW projects are under submission for approval.

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