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Power generation declines in five years

Pakistan is the only regional country where power generation has declined in the last five years, as disclosed by the BP Statistical Review 2012.

According to the report, Pakistan generated only 89.1 terawatt hours of electricity in 2011 against 98.2 terawatt hours in 2007. On the other hand, electricity generation in Bangladesh increased from 31.3 terawatt hours in 2007 to 42.7 terawatt hours in 2011, in China from 3,281.6 terawatt hours to 4,700.1 terawatt hours and in India from 797.8 terawatt hours to 1,006.2 terawatt hours under the same period. Since 2007, India added over 300 terawatt hours, Indonesia 40 terawatt hours and Malaysia 12.5 terawatt hours of electricity, while Pakistan reduced its generation by 9.1 terawatt hours from 2008 to 2011.

“This report should be an eye opener for our planners,” said Mohsin Syed, an energy sector expert. He said that the incumbent government claims that it has added 3,000 MW of electricity in the past four years, but the generation has actually declined, as is evident from long spells of load shedding. In view of alternative energy sources, the report said that Pakistan has not fully utilised its wind energy potential, whereas wind power generation stood at 1,600 MW in India and 62,412 MW in China in 2011.

The report further unveils that Pakistan does not produce biofuel energy, while China produced 1,149 thousand tons of oil equivalent biofuel in 2011 and India produced 286 thousand tons of oil equivalent biofuel in the same period.

Since 2007, hydropower generation has remained stagnant in Pakistan, as compared to other countries such as India and China. Pakistan generated 31.6 terawatt hours of hydropower in 2007, which declined to 30.6 terawatt hours in 2011 due to reduced water inflows. On the other hand, India generated 122 terawatt hours of hydropower in 2007, which increased to 131.6 terawatt hours in 2011. China increased its hydropower generation from 485 terawatt hours in 2007 to 685 terawatt hours in 2011.

By the end of 2011, gas reserves in Pakistan stood at 2,070 million tons, depicting a nominal increase of 0.2 percent over the previous year. In contrast, China increased its gas reserves by 13 percent to 11,4500 million tons and India increased it by 7 percent to 60,600 million tons by the end of 2011.

With regard to different energy fuels, prices of coal rose from $88 to $121.54 per ton and crude oil from $72.39 to $111.26 per barrel in 2011. Meanwhile, the LNG price averaged 7.73 per million BTU in 2007 and $14.73 per million BTU in 2011.

Primary energy consumption in Pakistan stood at 65.1 million tons of oil equivalent that increased moderately to 67.6 million tons of oil equivalent in 2011. In China, it increased from 1,951 million tons of oil equivalent in 2007 to 2,613 million tons of oil equivalent in 2011 and in India from 415.5 million tons of oil equivalent to 559.1 million tons of oil equivalent under the same period.

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